Major in Biology - Functional Biology of Animals Concentration

This course of study is designed to provide students with an understanding of animal physiology consistent with the expectations of medical and dental education programs, veterinary ­medicine programs, anatomy and physiology graduate programs, or a career in research (as a clinical or basic science research technician). The Cell and Molecular Concentration is also an option for students interested in medically related fields. Students preparing for careers in medically related fields are strongly recommended to take both BIOL 221/BIOL 221L and BIOL 222/BIOL 222L. Students planning on careers in research or a research application field are encouraged to participate in a research experience (e.g., BIOL 491 or BIOL 499). Pre-clinical students are encouraged to participate in volunteer work or internships within a clinical setting. Consult with your adviser about these opportunities.   

Specific requirements for the Functional Biology of Animals concentration are listed under Requirements and outlined in the suggested Four-Year Plan of Study.

The Biology major requires a minimum of 11 courses within the biological sciences with a range of 36 to 50 units, depending upon the concentration and configuration of electives selected. A typical student will complete a minimum of 38 to 40 units in biology. Four courses are required and seven elective courses are selected from within the department to complete a concentration. In addition, six to seven ancillary courses (24–30 units) must be completed in the disciplines of chemistry, mathematics and physics. The program must be completed with a grade equivalent of 2.00 or higher in all course work.

Selection of appropriate electives allows students to fulfill the requirements of any of four areas of concentration: Cell and Molecular Biology, Functional Biology of Animals, Organismal Biology and Ecology, or Secondary Education. Completion of one of these concentrations is required for a major in Biology. Students are strongly encouraged to plan their programs in consultation with an adviser who is a member of the biology faculty.

Foundation Courses (13 Units)
BIOL 201INTRODUCTION TO CELL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS4
BIOL 202INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION4
BIOL 204EDUCATIONAL AND CAREER PLANNING FOR THE BIOLOGIST1
BIOL 309GENETICS4
Breadth Courses (10-20 Units)
The following are required for all Biology majors unless indicated differently within the concentration
Select one of the following:3-8
BIODIVERSITY
GENERAL BOTANY
and GENERAL ZOOLOGY
Select one of the following:4
MOLECULAR ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND CONSERVATION
CELL BIOLOGY
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Select one of the following:3-8
ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
Ancillary Courses (24-30 Units)
The following courses are required for all Biology majors unless indicated differently within the concentration
Chemistry13-18
GENERAL CHEMISTRY I LECTURE
GENERAL CHEMISTRY I LABORATORY
GENERAL CHEMISTRY II LECTURE
GENERAL CHEMISTRY II LABORATORY
ESSENTIALS OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
and ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
Physics8
Select one of the following:
GENERAL PHYSICS I; NON CALCULUS-BASED
and GENERAL PHYSICS II; NON CALCULUS-BASED
GENERAL PHYSICS I CALCULUS-BASED
and GENERAL PHYSICS II CALCULUS-BASED
Mathematics 13-4
Select one of the following:
CALCULUS FOR APPLICATIONS
ELEMENTARY BIOSTATISTICS
CALCULUS I
BEHAVIORAL STATISTICS
Total Units47-63
1

Because material covered in Basic Mathematics for the Sciences (MATH 115) is a prerequisite for chemistry and physics students who have not completed high school trigonometry and two years of high school algebra in good standing should take MATH 115 in addition to one of the options listed above.

Chemistry I and II should be taken during the freshman year, Organic Chemistry I and II during the sophomore year and Physics as soon as possible.

Concentrations

Biology majors are required to complete one of four concentrations in biology by selecting a minimum of seven courses from among groups of electives within each concentration. One of these electives may be from outside the concentration.

Within each concentration, options exist for fulfilling each of three areas of breadth and for fulfilling concentration electives. Each student is strongly encouraged to consult with a biology faculty adviser in selecting electives to satisfy his/her program of study in the concentration and to match the program of study with career objectives.

No more than 3 units combined from BIOL 491 and BIOL 499 may count toward the Biology major. None of these courses may count toward the minor in Biology.

The following courses may not be used to fulfill Biology elective requirements:

BIOL 100HUMANISTIC BOTANY3
BIOL 103HUMAN BIOLOGY3
BIOL 105ENVIRONMENTAL BIOL3
BIOL 120
120L
PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY [LECTURE]
and PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY [LAB]
4
BIOL 215ESSENTIALS OF MICROBIOLOGY4
BIOL 301FIELD AND NATURAL SCIENCE3
BIOL 303LIFE SCIENCES3
BIOL 313BIOLOGY OF AGING3
BIOL 321BIOLOGY OF WOMEN3
BIOL 322BIOTECH & SOCIETY3
BIOL 323GENES,EVOL,MORAL3
BIOL 327DANGEROUS DISEASES3
BIOL 381WRITING IN THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES3
BIOL 481DIR READ:BIOL1-3
BIOL 490INDEPENDENT RESEARCH1-3
BIOL 493INTERNSHIP IN BIOLOGY3
BIOL 494TRAVEL STUDY1-3
Total Units47-53

Before enrolling in any 300- or 400-level elective course, Biology majors are required to complete a minimum of 8 units in lower-level biology courses with a grade equivalent of 2.00 or higher and to have an overall GPA of 2.00 or higher. Students who do not meet the above requirements may not be allowed to enroll in upper-level electives. Also, note that for those Biology electives listing BIOL 205 and/or BIOL 207 as prerequisites that BIOL 208 is an acceptable substitute.

The Department of Biological Sciences makes every effort to offer elective courses in a systematic fashion. However, it assumes no responsibility for cases in which unforeseen scheduling conflicts, course cancellations or staffing changes prevent students from taking a particular elective course during their residence at Towson University.

Functional Biology of Animals Concentration

Foundation Courses (13 Units)
BIOL 201INTRODUCTION TO CELL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS4
BIOL 202INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION4
BIOL 204EDUCATIONAL AND CAREER PLANNING FOR THE BIOLOGIST1
BIOL 309GENETICS4
Breadth Courses (11-20 Units)
Select one of the following:3-8
GENERAL BOTANY
and GENERAL ZOOLOGY
BIODIVERSITY
Select one of the following:4
MOLECULAR ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND CONSERVATION
CELL BIOLOGY
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Select BIOL 221 and BIOL 222, OR BIOL 325: 14-8
HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I [LECTURE]
and HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I [LAB]
and HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II [LECTURE]
and HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II [LAB]
ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY
Elective Courses (4 Units)
Physiology Elective
BIOL 470ADVANCED PHYSIOLOGY4
Focused Electives (2-8 Units)
Select from the following: (one if you completed BIOL 221/BIOL 222 or two if you completed BIOL 325)2-8
ELECTRN MICRSCOPY
MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY
MICROBIOLOGY
HISTOLOGY
ENDOCRINOLOGY
CANCER BIOLOGY
IMMUNOLOGY
NEUROMUSCULAR MECHANISMS OF THE UPPER BODY
VIROLOGY
DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
BIOCHEMISTRY I
Free Electives (3-4 Units)
Select one of the following:3-4
One biology elective from lists of electives in any Biology concentration
ELECTIVE IN INDEPENDENT RESEARCH
HONORS SENIOR THESIS IN BIOLOGY
Ancillary Courses (29-30 Units)
Chemistry and physics as required for Biology major including:29-30
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
and ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II 2
ESSENTIALS OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Recommended Courses
BIOCHEMISTRY LAB (if taking CHEM 351 as well)
ELEMENTARY BIOSTATISTICS
CALCULUS I
CALCULUS FOR APPLICATIONS
Total Units62-79
1

 BIOL 221/BIOL 222 sequence is recommended for students interested in a clinical field.

2

CHEM331-332 is recommended for students applying to medical, dental or graduate programs.

CHEM 330 is recommended for students applying to Physician Assistant programs.

Suggested Four-Year Plan

Freshman
Term 1UnitsTerm 2Units
BIOL 2014BIOL 202 or 3094
CHEM 131
131L (if taking a Calculus course; otherwise, take a Core course (3))
4CHEM 132
132L (if CHEM 131 & 131L were taken in the previous semester; otherwise take CHEM 131 & CHEM 131L)
4
MATH 115, 119, 211, or 27313-4ENGL 102 or TSEM 1023
TSEM 102 or ENGL 1023Core. Must take MATH course if no MATH course taken in Freshman Term 1)3-4
 14-15 14-15
Sophomore
Term 1UnitsTerm 2Units
BIOL 20421BIOL 202 (or BIOL 309 (or BIOL 408 or BIOL 409, if BIOL 309 has been completed))4
BIOL 221
221L (or BIOL 325)3
4BIOL 222
222L
4
CHEM 132
132L (if not taken in Year 1)
4Core3-4
Core3Core 3
Core3-4 
Core 3 
 18-19 14-15
Junior
Term 1UnitsTerm 2Units
BIOL 202, 208, 309, 408, or 409 (Can take BIOL 208 if BIOL 202 already completed. Can take BIOL 409 if BIOL 309 completed.)4BIOL 408, 208, 309, 408, or 409 (BIOL 408 requires completion of BIOL 309. Can take BIOL 208 if BIOL 202 completed. Can take BIOL 409 if BIOL 309 completed)4
CHEM 331 or 33045CHEM 332 (if CHEM 331 was taken)5
PHYS 21154PHYS 212 or 242 (PHYS 212 for Biology majors: PHYS 242 for Chemistry, Mathematics or Physics majors)4
One additional course required to complete degree but no more than 3 courses total with labs3-4One additional course required to complete degree but no more than 3 courses total with labs3-4
 16-17 16-17
Senior
Term 1UnitsTerm 2Units
BIOL 4704Remaining courses required for degree (minimum of 120 units to graduate) but no more than three lab courses total15-16
Three additional courses including elective courses but no more than two courses with labs9-12 
 13-16 15-16
Total Units 120-130
1

Consult with adviser on best MATH course to take given career objectives. 

2

A key assignment of BIOL 204 is completion of your own Program of Study.

3

You will take either BIOL 221/222 or BIOL 325 depending on career objectives. Consult with adviser.

4

You will take either CHEM 330 or CHEM 330/331 depending on career objectives. Consult with adviser.

5

PHYS 241 and 242 can be substituted for PHYS 211 and 212 if Calculus prerequisites are met (requires Math 273 and 274).

NOTE:

Unit range totals are listed for options on a term-by-term basis. If you take the minimum number of units each term, you will not have the minimum 120 units needed to graduate. You must review your overall progress toward your degree every term when you meet with your adviser.

1. Explain the core concepts and principles of Biology.
2. Demonstrate the scientific method through the use of hypothesis testing in the design and implementation of an experiment.
3. Utilize scientific methodologies from the biological sciences in the evaluation of issues in society.
4. Apply appropriate critical-thinking/problem-solving skills in biological sciences.
5. Communicate both verbally and in writing in discipline specific contexts.
6. Identify fundamental similarities and differences among various fields of study within the Biological Sciences.