Major in Biology - Functional Biology of Animals Concentration

This course of study is designed to provide students with an understanding of animal physiology consistent with the expectations of medical and dental education programs, veterinary ­medicine programs, anatomy and physiology graduate programs, or a career in research (as a clinical or basic science research technician). The Cell and Molecular Concentration is also an option for students interested in medically related fields. Students preparing for careers in medically related fields are strongly recommended to take both BIOL 342 and BIOL 343. Students planning on careers in research or a research application field are encouraged to participate in a research experience (e.g., BIOL 491 or BIOL 499). Pre-clinical students are encouraged to participate in volunteer work or internships within a clinical setting. Consult with your adviser about these opportunities.   

Specific requirements for the Functional Biology of Animals concentration are listed under Requirements and outlined in the suggested Four-Year Plan of Study. A complete list of Biology courses that do not count towards the Biology major may be found on the Resources for Students web page.

The Functional Biology of Animals Concentration consists of  57-79 units, including 13 units of foundation courses, 11-20 units of breadth courses and 24-30 ancillary courses from different disciplines. 

All Biology majors must complete minimum 19 units toward the major at Towson University, with at least 10 of these units at the upper (300-400) level. Courses taken to fulfill Ancillary Course requirements do not count toward units in residence.

Foundation Courses
BIOL 200
200L
BIOLOGY I: INTRODUCTION TO CELLULAR BIOLOGY AND GENETICS [LECTURE]
and INTRODUCTION TO CELLULAR BIOLOGY AND GENETICS [LAB]
4
BIOL 204EDUCATIONAL AND CAREER PLANNING FOR THE BIOLOGIST1
BIOL 206
206L
BIOLOGY II: INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION [LECTURE]
and BIOLOGY II: INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION [LAB]
4
BIOL 309GENETICS4
Breadth Courses
Select one of the following:3-8
GENERAL BOTANY
and GENERAL ZOOLOGY
BIODIVERSITY
Select one of the following:4
MOLECULAR ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND CONSERVATION
CELL BIOLOGY
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Select one of the following: 14-8
ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY
HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY I
and HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY II 1
Elective Courses
Physiology Elective
BIOL 470ADVANCED PHYSIOLOGY4
Focused Electives
Select from the following: (one if you completed BIOL 342/BIOL 343 or two if you completed BIOL 325)2-8
ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
MICROBIOLOGY
ANIMAL PARASITOLOGY
HISTOLOGY
ENDOCRINOLOGY
CANCER BIOLOGY
MICROBIOLOGY OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE
IMMUNOLOGY
NEUROMUSCULAR MECHANISMS OF THE UPPER BODY
VIROLOGY
DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
BIOCHEMISTRY I
Free Electives
Select one of the following:3-4
One biology elective from lists of electives in any Biology concentration
ELECTIVE IN INDEPENDENT RESEARCH
HONORS SENIOR THESIS IN BIOLOGY
Ancillary Courses
Chemistry13-18
GENERAL CHEMISTRY I LECTURE
and GENERAL CHEMISTRY I LABORATORY
GENERAL CHEMISTRY II LECTURE
and GENERAL CHEMISTRY II LABORATORY
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
and ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II 2
ESSENTIALS OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Physics
Select one of the following:8
GENERAL PHYSICS I; NON CALCULUS-BASED
and GENERAL PHYSICS II; NON CALCULUS-BASED
GENERAL PHYSICS I CALCULUS-BASED
and GENERAL PHYSICS II CALCULUS-BASED
Mathematics
Select one of the following: 3-4
CALCULUS FOR APPLICATIONS
ELEMENTARY BIOSTATISTICS
CALCULUS I
BEHAVIORAL STATISTICS
Total Units57-79
1

 BIOL 342 and BIOL 343 are recommended for students interested in a clinical field.

2

CHEM 331 and CHEM 332 are recommended for students applying to medical, dental or graduate programs. CHEM 330 is recommended for students applying to Physician Assistant programs.

Suggested Four-Year Plan

Based on course availability and student needs and preferences, the selected sequences will probably vary from those presented below. Students should consult with their adviser to make the most appropriate elective choices.

Freshman
Term 1UnitsTerm 2Units
BIOL 200
200L
4BIOL 206
206L
4
CHEM 131
131L (Core 7)
4CHEM 132
132L (Core 8)
4
MATH 115 (Core 3)13MATH 211, 237, 273, or PSYC 2123-4
Core 1 (or Core 2)3Core 2 (or Core 1)3
Core 43 
 17 14-15
Sophomore
Term 1UnitsTerm 2Units
BIOL 20421BIOL 3094
BIOL 20863PHYS 212 or 2424
PHYS 211 or 24154Core 93
Core 53Core 103
Core 63 
Core 113 
 17 14
Junior
Term 1UnitsTerm 2Units
BIOL 342 or 32534BIOL 343 (or focused elective)4
BIOL 405, 408, or 4094CHEM 332 (if CHEM 331 was taken)5
CHEM 331 or 33045Focused Elective1-4
Core 143Core 123
 16 13-16
Senior
Term 1UnitsTerm 2Units
BIOL 4704Remaining courses required for degree (minimum of 120 units to graduate) but no more than three lab courses total12-15
Free Elective1-4 
Core 133 
Elective3 
Elective3 
 14-17 12-15
Total Units 117-127
1

Consult with adviser on best MATH course to take given career objectives. 

2

A key assignment of BIOL 204 is completion of your own Program of Study.

3

You will take either BIOL 342 / BIOL 343 or BIOL 325 depending on career objectives. Consult with adviser.

4

You will take either CHEM 330 or CHEM 331 / CHEM 332 depending on career objectives. Consult with adviser.

5

PHYS 241 and PHYS 242 can be substituted for PHYS 211 and PHYS 212 if Calculus prerequisites are met (requires MATH 273 and MATH 274).

6

You will take either BIOL 208 or BIOL 205 / BIOL 207 depending on career objectives. Consult with adviser.

NOTE: Unit range totals are listed for options on a term-by-term basis. If you take the minimum number of units each term, you will not have the minimum 120 units needed to graduate. You must review your overall progress toward your degree every term when you meet with your adviser. 

  1. Explain the core concepts and principles of Biology.
  2. Demonstrate the scientific method through the use of hypothesis testing in the design and implementation of an experiment.
  3. Utilize scientific methodologies from the biological sciences in the evaluation of issues in society.
  4. Apply appropriate critical-thinking/problem-solving skills in biological sciences.
  5. Communicate both verbally and in writing in discipline specific contexts.
  6. Identify fundamental similarities and differences among various fields of study within the Biological Sciences.